Not a Weakness: Four Thoughts About Empathy

Empathy denotes being able to imagine another person’s emotions, experiences, motivations, or perspective. It involves being able to acknowledge the existence of other perspectives, and the realization that those who hold them are as human as we are.

I’ve been thinking about empathy a lot lately – what it means and what it doesn’t mean (and why I sometimes struggle with it so much…) Here are four aspects that stood out to me; I’d love to hear what you think!

1. There’s no need to be stingy doling out empathy. If someone doesn’t favor a particular cause, an “easy out” is to say the following: why bother supporting X when you should be worried about Y? For example, I’ve heard versions of all of the following:

  • “Why bother to advocate for women in the US when women face terrible treatment in other countries?”
  • “Why are you spending time discussing the plight of immigrant youth specifically when our country in *general* is experiencing homelessness and poverty?”
  • “Why are you discussing the injustice of the death of someone in X demographic? Don’t you know people in other demographics are killed, too? Why aren’t you talking about them right now?”

Depending on how this is phrased, it’s often a complete red herring OR a false dilemma. You can care about multiple causes with varying weights. Spending time reacting to one injustice, one exploitation, or one vulnerable demographic doesn’t mean it is the “only one” you care about.  Would you picket a bake sale for cystic fibrosis because it was “ignoring” the plight of breast cancer? That would be absurd. Nor does this mean that you need to preface a discussion of a specific social issue with the promise that you recognize other problems exist – again, that may likely be as unnecessary as announcing before a Cancer Run that you’re going to read a long list of other illnesses that you recognize exist because you don’t want to offend those with non-cancer diseases.

Finally, just because an issue does not affect “everyone” in a country or “everyone” in your area does not mean it is not worth considering. To quote MLK, Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere…Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly.” He wrote this in response to those who critiqued his participation in peaceful non-violent protests of segregation in Birmingham, Alabama, because (among other reasons) he was a non-Birmingham native – an “outsider”- who they believed should not be worried about what happened there.

2. Empathy does not devalue our own experiences. It’s easy for me to identify myself by what I’ve overcome, achieved, or suffered, and to guard that identity jealously. Experiencing pain or a challenge in an area of my life – and surviving it – makes me feel strong. It is something that I am proud about. It’s an emotional badge. However, far from naturally making me more empathetic, it often makes me want to evaluate and judge the experiences of others. After all, if I’ve come out the other side, if I’ve overcome something or achieved something, no one else should be able to say they’re as good atthat specific thing as I am, or that they understand it the way I do…at least, not until I’ve carefully evaluated their right to have their own perspective. Right? No, not really. Not at all. It’s good that I own my experiences, and I can be happy and proud of something, but it’s not my core identity. While challenges can change you, and that growth can be something you choose to accept or even appreciate, your experiences are not you, and the perspective of others is not a threat to your identity. Trying to understand the perspective or motivation of another person does not erase, negate, or disrespect what you’ve been through.

3. Empathy acknowledges that understanding is important because experiences like suffering have both objective and subjective dimensions. Acknowledging this does not mean you deny objective truth or objective reality.

The objective dimension here is obvious: the factual situation, event, or experience in objective reality. Their house burns down. They lose a child. They start a job. They lose their job. They lie to others. They are lied to by others.

The subjective dimension, however, is more difficult to see and therefore more difficult to gauge – and by gauge I really mean judge. An individual’s past experiences, mental health, emotional maturity, physical state, and many other variables will affect how they experience the situation andhowthey are able to (or how they choose to) react to real, inarguable events that occur in objective reality. From a moral perspective, these aspects may even hinder the free will of their response. Seeking to understanding what their experience is like is empathy, and it does not – and this is important! – mean that you’re denying the existence of objective truth, merely that understanding how another person’s proverbial glasses are colored (rose or otherwise) will help you see why they react to objective situations and events as they do. This aspect of empathy is especially difficult for me, but I am working on it. I think. And finally, very importantly…

4. Empathy does not necessitate agreement. Of course, you can (and easily do) empathize with someone with whom you also agree, but the two are not synonymous. This last thought is especially relevant in religious, moral, or ethical debates. It can be easy, I think, for some to feel uncomfortable trying to understand someone with whom they are sure they disagree – The Other. I see people of ALL political and moral stripes throw up their hands (physical or virtual) and declare that they cannot understand WHY people do the things they do…it’s a mystery! It’s a paradox! There’s just no understanding some people, so why bother trying! And they are not particularly interested in trying to understand because they are afraid it would necessitate agreeing with The Other.

This mindset, however, is just incorrect. Understanding the motivations of others simply allows us to see them as three-dimensional humans worthy of basic respect and human dignity – it does not require that we condone the wisdom, justice, or practicality of their actions.

So, why is any of this important?

  • Far from weakening us, empathy makes us stronger. Empathy is NOT some virtue for pansies who don’t have anything better to do. If there is any value in the perspective or emotions of others, understanding that widens my perspective and gives it greater breadth and weight. Recognizing that others have human dignity that is equal to ours – even gross, icky Others of all and any descriptions – takes honesty and humility, and is quite frankly terrifying. Nope – definitely not a weak virtue.If, after seeking to understand the mindset behind a different perspective, I still completely and utterly disagree with it, that’s fine; it’s still a valuable exercise. In that case, my perspective itself has been tested and perhaps come out stronger than ever.  In other words, empathy is additionally valuable because it may allow you to argue your own perspective or belief more clearly and persuasively. People are always more likely to listen to you if you treat them like, well, people.
  • Ignoring the need for empathy turns us into tone-deaf people with no grasp of subtlety. For example, in my English courses, some students have difficulty grasping the distinction between their own perspective of a character in a text and the author’s perspective of the same character. Seeking for empathy trains our brains to understand verbal and language clues that express the tones, attitudes, and emotions of others. It makes communication of all kinds possible.
  • As a Catholic, I believe that recognizing the deep humanity of others is an aching human need, and that seeking to understand others reflects our attitude toward God. When Christ says, “For I was hungry and you gave me no food, I was thirsty and you gave me no drink, I was a stranger and you did not welcome me, naked and you did not clothe me, sick and in prison and you did not visit me,” (Matt 25:35) he’s not just talking about physical sustenance, but also respect, understanding, connection, and empathy.10665059_790468898280_8930066592790558111_n

What do you think? Is there anything important you think I’ve missed or left out?

Advertisements

Making it Up

The only reason Luke asks is because he often sees me standing in front of the mirror before we leave the house, a few tubes and bottles spilling out of the cosmetics case, my mouth slightly open, my eyes a little angry in concentration.

“Why are you putting that on?” Other than once stealing my eyeliner to draw a beard and mustache on himself, his gruff little three-year-old mind doesn’t see the appeal.

“Because I like it,” I say, the laziest answer I can give.

“Does it make ladies look pretty?”

That makes me pause a little. It would be easy to say “Yes,” or “It’s fun,” and continue trying to make my eyeliner even. I do wear more makeup than I used to. I know more about it, and my unfortunate days of bright blue eyeshadow (college) are over. I think about the layers I put on: primer, foundation, powder, blush. How my difficult olive skin tone makes it nearly impossible to find a foundation that matches. How I would have a Bert-style unibrow (really) if I wasn’t vigilant plucking my hair.

“It doesn’t have the power to make anyone beautiful,” I start. Luke is obsessed with asking if people have power and/or strength right now, so that’s a key word for him. “It’s fun and helps me celebrate, like wearing nice clothes can help me celebrate or show I’m happy about something.”

His eyebrows relax. The mystery is solved. Luke has a hat he’s obsessed with right now, and wearing it makes him feel about eight feet tall. He sees what I mean. I just hope that I see what I mean, too.

not-to-be-reproduced

I started wearing cosmetics when I was younger and began to have severe acne. Leaving the house without at least a little cover-up on would make me distracted, worried, obsessed with the asymmetrical marks on my face. At its worst, acne can be bad enough to be physically painful, but it was a source of pride when I could coax and gather foundation into just the right alignment to mask everything. It smoothed everything out, made it blank, made it calm. It was something I felt I needed.

What has changed, if anything? Well, now I have so many marks on my body that a truckload of foundation would have trouble covering them. Stretch marks, moles, freckles, acne scars (the worst is over), a couple of rogue pimples who keep cropping up and refuse to believe their reign is over, scars from various removals and incisions, and scrapes from the baby’s sharp fingernails. All of this general imperfection, however, has helped me to relax (slightly) and have a little more fun (sometimes).

Right now there are many conflicting messages aimed at women involving cosmetics: No makeup is best, don’t buy into THE SYSTEM because it’s just to please men! Actually, you must have JUST enough makeup to make you look awake, come on, no one wants to see you really makeup free, but it must be perfectly subtle. Actually, wearing makeup is the best because it proves you respect yourself and LOVE YOUR FEMININITY! People complaining about feeling shamed for not wearing makeup. People complaining about feeling shamed for wearing makeup.

John_William_Waterhouse_-_Echo_and_Narcissus_-_Google_Art_Project
Rather than making a black-and-white, all or nothing statement about the inherent “virtues” of cosmetics (or lack thereof), I am trying to think about my motivations, not the action of adorning itself. For me, cosmetics, like developing a personal style, can be healthy and fun when it’s approached as a celebration and adornment of a personal, three-dimensional individual, not a fetishization of certain elements of that individual. If it contributes to me treating myself as a subject, not an object, it remains a good thing – for me. It should be a celebration of something that is, not fixing something seen as “broken.” It is certainly never necessary.  While it is still easy to obsess over physical imperfection, I try to keep the following personal goals in mind:

  • Whether I wear a little or a lot, makeup should be a reflection of my mood and personality, not merely an imitation of someone or something else.
  • While taking a little time to put on makeup can be a good moment of self-care and relaxation, I try not to take the time if it’s going to make me feel stressed, late, or cut into time reserved for something more important.
  • Most importantly for me, makeup should never make me uncomfortable or be so easily ruined that I hesitate to give my family a hearty hug or kiss. That’s the personal expression I want to aim for most.

11356169_840707604510_1149346445_nGuinevere with her au naturel beach look.

Images 1 and 2 via Wikimedia Commons